Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences
We explore whether imports and exports affect industry employment differently based on the industry’s trade orientation. Effects of trade are examined for both production and non-production employment using data for 384 6-digit manufacturing industries, classified by the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS), and 116 trading partners that span the years 1972 to 2001. Additionally, we consider potential employment effects stemming from shifts in import sources from high- to low-income nations. The findings confirm theory and provide a more detailed portrait of trade-related employment dynamics. As the United States further liberalizes trade, net job loss may be expected in more labor-intensive industries that run trade deficits and possess lower than average levels of technology. Export-oriented industries characterized by more capitalintensive production and possession of above-average levels of technology are expected to see net job creation.
White, R. (2007). What Can Industry Trade Orientation Tell Us About Trade-Related Employment Dynamics?. Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 1 (1) Retrieved from https://poetcommons.whittier.edu/econ/2