The Effect of Socioeconomic status on Educational Achievement

Date of Award

Spring 2016

Document Type


First Advisor

Rebecca Overmyer-Velazquez


The purpose of this literary review is to look at the relationship between Social Economic Status (SES) and educational achievement. This is done to first define the aspects that negatively affect the education of students with low SES. After the aspects are defined, current solutions to these problems are analyzed. The literary review was done by finding and comparing research articles that pertain to the four different aspects that have the largest effect on the education of those with low SES. These four aspects are socialization, social and cultural capital, family and motivation. The paper concludes that these four aspects are very influential in a child’s educational achievement and that the four aspects strongly relate to each other. Socialization, family and social and cultural capital all effect the motivation that a child has to succeed in school. In terms of solutions it seems that it would be the most influential to address the aspects separately. There are many organization that seem to be involved in making parents a bigger part of a child’s education which, can help both with the problem of family and socialization. Also in terms of socialization solutions need to be focused on higher employment rates, implementing community organization and constructive ways for kids to spend their time. While there are some suggestions and solutions in place for these problems there needs to be more research on how successful the solutions are. If the solutions are successful, such as many aspects of the TEEP program then those aspects should be implemented in other programs.


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